Administrators and Managers Journal Articles

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    Acquisition and management of serials in selected academic libraries in Edo state of Nigeria
    (University of Dar es Salaam Library, 2019-05-23) Idhalama, Ogagaoghene Uzezi; Obi, Alexander Ifeayi
    This study investigated acquisition and management of serials in academic libraries in Edo State of Nigeria. Four (4) research objectives were formulated for this study. These were to: determine how serial collections are acquired in the selected academic libraries in Edo State of Nigeria; investigate how serials are organized for easy retrieval in the selected academic libraries in Edo State of Nigeria; find out how serials are preserved in the selected academic libraries in Edo State of Nigeria; and solicit solutions for improving the management of serials in the selected academic libraries in Edo State of Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The study targeted a total of 14 (fourteen) academic libraries in Edo State from which a sample of 173 respondents was generated using a total enumeration sampling technique. The study used a structured questionnaire; the copies were completed and returned by 57.8% of the respondents. Data collected were analyzed using frequency counts, percentages (%), mean (X), and standard deviation (SD) to meet the study’s objectives. The study’s results have revealed that academic libraries in the study area acquire serials through various methods and use various means to organize them for easy retrieval. The libraries also use various methods to preserve their serials. Regarding improving serial management, the study findings have come up with a number of ways to do so. Based on the findings, the study recommends among others that academic curriculum should be enriched with serial skill acquisition and management contents; and academic libraries should consider acquiring more e-serials because it is very easy to manage and do not get damaged.
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    Proficiency of University Lecturers in the Adoption of Emerging Instructional Technologies in Nigeria
    (G-Card Publisher, 2023-12-23) Idhalama, Ogagaoghene Uzezi; Krubu, Dorcar Ejemeh PhD; Etebu, Abraham Tabor PhD
    The purpose of this study was to assess the Proficiency of University Lecturers in the Adoption of Emerging Instructional Technologies in Nigeria. The study employed the descriptive/qualitative research design. A Google forms questionnaire made of close-ended items was used to collect data related to Nigerian university lecturers’ proficiency in the adoption of emerging instructional technologies. Descriptive statistics including mean and standard deviation were used to describe the status of lecturers. SPSS version 25 was used to run the collected data from respondent university lecturers. A total of 123 responses were recorded and it was discovered that the awareness of emerging instructional technologies by Nigerian lecturers is on the rise, meaning they are quite much aware of emerging teaching technologies as today, lecturers’ use of emerging teaching technologies is still quite low in Nigeria, lecturers’ proficiency in using emerging teaching technologies is just normal or average and therefore needs to be improved. It is therefore recommended that lecturers should make an extra deliberate effort to know what is new in the teaching profession as per new instructional technologies. School managements should as a matter of urgency encourage the use of emerging teaching technologies in Nigeria and old lecturers are advised to go for short courses on ICT.
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    A systematic review: the current status of carbapenem resistance in East Africa
    (Kampala International University, 2018) Kenneth, Ssekatawa; Edward, Wampande; Dennis, K. Byarugaba; Francis, Ejobi
    In this systematic review, we present the molecular epidemiology and knowledge gaps of the carbapenem resistance in East Africa as well as the future probable research interventions that can be used to address the emergence of carbapenem resistance in the region. Results: The 17 articles which presented concrete information about the prevalence of carbapenem resistance in East Africa were reviewed. Tanzania exhibited the highest level of carbapenem resistance at 35% while DRC had the lowest level at 0.96%. Uganda was the only country with studies documenting CR obtained amongst hospital environment isolates with incidence ranging from 21% in Pseudomonas aeruginosa to 55% in Acinetobacter baumannii. Carbapenem resistance was more exhibited in A. baumannii (23%), followed by P. aeruginosa (17%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (15%), Proteus mirabilis (14%) and Escherichia coli (12%) mainly isolated from respiratory tract, blood, urine and wound/pus. The regional genetic determinants of carbapenem resistance detected were blaIMP, blaVIM-1 blaSPM-l, blaNDM-1, blaOXA-23 blaOXA-24, blaOXA-58 and blaKPC.
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    A study on visual, audio and tactile reaction time among medical students at Kampala International University in Uganda
    (Kampala International University, 2018) Keneth, Iceland Kasozi; Ngala, Elvis Mbiydzneyuy; Sarah, Namubiru; Abass, Alao Safiriyu; Sheu, Oluwadare Sulaiman; Alfred, O Okpanachi; Herbert, Izo Ninsiima
    Reaction time (RT) is an indicator of neural activity, however, its variation due to visual (VRT), audio (ART) and tactile (TRT) in African medical students has not been investigated. The aim of the study was to determine relationships between VRT, ART and TRT amongst medical students in Uganda. Materials and methods: This was a cross sectional study, the body mass index (BMI) and RT (i.e. VRT, ART and TRT) were determined using weighing scale with standiometer and the catch a ruler experiment respectively. A questionnaire was administered to collect information on participant’s lifestyle patterns and analysis was done using SPSS Version 20. Results: The mean (± SEM) VRT, ART and TRT in the study were found to be 0.148 ± 0.002s, 0.141 ± 0.002s and 0.139 ± 0.003s respectively. A strong correlation between TRT and ART was found to exist in the youthful Ugandan medical student’s population. Furthermore, significant differences in ART and VRT were observed with sex, although these were absent amongst preclinical and clinical students, showing the importance of sex in RT. Conclusion: The low VRT and ART in Ugandan medical students is indicative of a healthy somatosensory connectivity, thus of academic importance.
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    Assessment of Salmonella Species and Escherichia Coli Prevalence, as well as Antimicrobial Profiles, in Sliced Pineapple Vended within Abakaliki Metropolis
    (Kampala International University, 2023) Afiukwa, Felicitas N; Obaji, Debora G; Ugwu, Okechukwu P. C.
    The prevalent practice of vending sliced pineapple and various fruits on the streets of Nigeria due to cost constraints among buyers has raised concerns regarding potential contaminations and subsequent health risks to consumers. This study procured sixty samples of sliced, ready-to-eat pineapple from street vendors in Abakaliki Metropolis, analyzing them for Salmonella and E. coli contamination using microbiological and biochemical techniques. The isolates underwent antibiotic sensitivity screening via the disc diffusion method. The findings revealed a 20% prevalence of Salmonella species and a striking 70% prevalence of Escherichia coli in the sliced pineapple fruits. Further investigation into antibiotic susceptibility exhibited a concerning pattern of high multidrug resistance among the isolated organisms. Salmonella species showcased resistance percentages ranging from 50% to 100% against ceftriaxone, nitrofurantoin, meropenem, pefloxacin, chloramphenicol, ofloxacin, and amoxicillin. In comparison, Escherichia coli exhibited resistance values varying between 28.6% and 100% against the same antibiotics. This study emphasizes that the prevalent practice of slicing and vending fruits on the streets significantly contributes to the dissemination of multi-drug resistant pathogens. Urgent intervention and discouragement of this practice by pertinent authorities are imperative to mitigate the escalating health risks associated with such contaminated fruit vending practices